The hardest part in installing SharePoint 2010 on Windows 7 is the installation process itself and then configuring the Complete installation on a single-server of the SharePoint Config Database while using local accounts. Once the SharePoint Content DB and the SharePoint Admin Content Databases are created, you can now run psconfigui.exe, SharePoint Products Configuration Wizard.
When you run the PSCONFIGUI, since you already configured the SharePoint config database, will start-off at the following step of the Configuration Wizard. Notice that my database-server and database-name have already been pre-populated. Click Next.
You get to specify additional information such as Authentication provider (choose NTLM, especially if you do not have domain controller in your network). You can also choose the port number where Central Admin will run.
Click Next until it runs the actual configuration of the Central Admin:
Once the Wizard is finished, run your Central Admin. If things were installed and configured correctly, you should be able to launch Central Admin: